Usually if the sentence is positive then the question tag is negative and if it is negative then the question tag … (will not = won’t). They aren't funny, are they? If there is no auxiliary verb, use do for present and did for past. Negative question tags are usually contracted: It's warm today, isn't it (not 'is it not') Usually if the main clause is positive, the question tag is negative, and if the main clause is negative, it's positive. For example: Positive imperative - Stop daydreaming, will / won't you? You aren't going to Paris, are you? Imagine an important guest is visiting your office. ;o) Form. I am a great teacher, aren't I/ am I not? ______________, 5. It can, for example, be used to ask for confirmation of something you believe to be true. You don’t smoke, do you? Negative imperative - Don't stop singing, will you? Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. I'm Michael. (I think you do, I already have an opinon). If you use Yes, do not use contracted forms. A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. (No) I'm not, actually. ( Log Out /  The trains are never on time, are they? Learn the rules for question tags in English grammar with Lingolia. The basic structure of a tag question is: A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. This form may express confidence, or seek confirmation of the asker's opinion or belief. Let’s review the three forms of questions that we covered in today’s lesson. The short questions we put at the end of sentences are called question tags. There is / are - There aren't any spiders in the bedroom, are there? For example: It's cold (positive), isn't it (negative)? — “Do not disturb mrs. Smith, could you? 'I do actually. — “Clean you room, won’t you?” = The positive imperative clause is followed by the negative question tag won’t you? To form the two-word tag questions, you must follow the rules below: The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag. When there is no special emphasis, the rule of thumb often applies that a positive sentence has a negative tag and vice versa. The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag. The subject of a question tag is always a pronoun. Negative StatementPositive TagYou aren't 12 years oldAre you? I think it’s bad._____, 2. Jack is from Spain, isn't he? Charles will help us, ? English grammar reference notes for question tags. Mary can speak English, can't she? I have a meeting every day, don't I/ do I not? The Question:                                                                                              What do I think? Question tags always appear at the end of the sentence and refer to the verb used in the clause before as well as the subject (which is a noun or a personal pronoun in most cases) of the corresponding statement. Improve your English with our interactive English grammar games. We normally use question tags to check something you think you know or you think is true. To make the question tag, you use the same auxiliary or modal verb in the statement and change it to a positive. There is no question of frequency of use; when the speaker wants to express an amount of certainty for the answer, a negative question will be used. Question tags are short questions at the end of statements. He isn't here, is he? You live in Spain, don’t you? A negative question can have two different kinds of meanings. Question tags are formed by adding an auxiliary verb and repeating the subject of the main clause as a pronoun. You don't smoke, do you? If the sentence is negative, the question tag … Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. If your statement is a true question, your intonation rises. They are mainly used in speech when we want to: Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject. ___I think no. You’re not Spanish, are you? ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, Positive Tag Question:                                                                       ______________, Negative Tag Question:                                                                      ______________, 3. This short tag takes the form of a question. Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc. Have got (possession) - He has got a car, hasn't he? Negative questions are used when the person who asks expects a positive answer, no matter what else might be implied. Students work in groups of three. Complete the sentences with the correct question tags. Question tags are the short questions that we put on the end of sentences – particularly in spoken English. Exercise on Question Tags. ), Neg:                 Don’t you live in Oakland? For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. So that’s just a quick introduction to question tags. Do you have children? Look at these examples with negative statements. Forming question tags is very easy. If there is a helping verb, we use this same verb in the question tag. Didn’t you see Ann yesterday? An affirmative comment has a negative tag and a negative comment has a positive tag. Here’s why: The Grammar of Answering a Negative Question. The car isn't in the garage, ? You live in Oakland, no? He shouldn't say things like that, should he? ).So we use positive question tags. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 4.2. Affirmative sentence: He is from Germany, is n't he? Some verbs / expressions have different question tags. POSITIVE TAGS NEGATIVE TAGS Usually if the sentence is positive then the question tag is negative and if it is negative then the question tag … There are many different question tags but the main idea is fairly straight forward. Be careful about using negative or tag questions. Imperative clauses are used when people tell someone else to do something (an advice, a suggestion, a request, a command etc.).. positive main clause → negative question tag; negative main clause → positive question tag {See Question Tags, A2 level}. ; If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa. {See Question Tags, A2 level}. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. (I think you DON’T, it’s bad to do this.). Theoretically this may make sense, but in practice this is NOT how negative questions work. Notice that the negative verb in the original statement is changed to positive in the tag. Question tags are used at the end of statements to turn the statements into questions. 'You don't live here, do you?' Note that we use a negative tag after an affirmative sentence. Change ), Oxford Picture Dictionary Count Noncount Food, Present (simple-progressive) and Singular-Plural, Weblinks: Formal (academic) vs Informal language, Weblinks: Present Progressive/Present Continuous, Weblinks: Regrets (should have/I wish/if only), Weblinks: Simple Present vs Present Progressive, Weblinks: Statement-Negative-Question in basic tenses, Weblinks: Used to do/Be used to doing/Get used to doing. In this lesson we’re going to look different ways we use them and you’ll also learn the best ways to answer them. Question tags are used when asking for agreement or confirmation. For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. 1. Using the negative question says MY opinion.… Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. You already have an opinion. You live in Oakland, ma? الفعل المساعد+ الاختصار n't وهو اختصار لكلمة not + الفاعل + الفعل الرئيسي. Examples: He’s read this book, hasn’t he? In this case the speaker is surprised that something has not happened or is not happening. There are many different question tags but the main idea is fairly straight forward. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. If you use No, contracted form are possible. It’s a wonderful piece of music. Negative questions generally ask for the same information as the positive form. You want to make a good impression and make them feel welcome. But in a few cases, we also use POSITIVE STATEMENT + POSITIVE QUESTION TAG We make question tags in the simple present tense with do and does. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. You should see me today, shouldn't you/ should you not? ___ I think yes________, Positive Tag Question:  You smoke, don’t you? As I explained the general rule is that a negative question is followed by a positive tag, and vice versa. Let’s get very polite and start with the formal use. Example: This / that is - This is Paul's pen, isn't it? ___I think yes________, Negative Tag Question:    You don’t smoke, do you? (will not = won’t). You don’t smoke, do you? He didn't recognize me, ? Positive statements are followed by a negative tag while negative statements are followed by a positive tag. She is French, isn't she? ( Log Out /  Using the negative question says MY opinion. They are normally used when speaking. That ’ s not really difficult, is it? 3.1. Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. To form the two-word tag questions, you must follow the rules below: The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag. 2. Question:  Do you live in Oakland? Cars pollute the environment, ? A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation (negative tag) or agreement (positive tag). You already have an opinion. ( Log Out /  The statement 'You aren't going to Paris' uses the negative auxiliary 'aren't'. When the statement is negative, the question tag is positive. It is not just a real question. A tag question is a short question added to a statement. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. If have is used to indicate possession/belonging, we can use have or the helping verb do in British English (in American English we can only use do in this case). ; Examples: Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. How is she doing? You're David, aren't you? Two students play snap. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. If the statement is negative, it is not usual to answer with yes. If you found this English Grammar about Question Tags useful, let others know about it: A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students. They are normally used when speaking. Basically, the following rule applies: In positive sentences a negative question tag is needed and in negative ones a positive. → Yes, it is, isn’t it. When we are sure of the answer and we are simply encouraging a response, the intonation in the question tag goes down: When we are not sure and want to check information, the intonation in the question tag goes up: If you would like to play an interactive game to practice Question Tags, visit here: Question Tags. If we are sure or almost sure that the listener will confirm that our statement is correct, we say the question tag with a falling intonation. The third student notes down the tag questions … The tag includes a pronoun and its matching form of the verb be, or auxiliary verb. If have is a main verb in the sentence and refers to states, there are two possible sentences – We h… This is really a question. • to express surprise. 1. won't is the contracted form of will not 2. the tag repeats the auxiliary verb, not the main verb. When the verb in the main sentence is in the present simple we form the question tag with do / does. Here is a free question tags game for pre-intermediate students. (= I believe that you saw Ann yesterday.) You already have an opinion. Mr McGuinness is from Ireland, ? A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation (negative tag) or agreement (positive tag). Is this a good school? (I don’t know. Using the negative question says MY opinion. Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc. You are John, ? Neg Tag:          You don’t live in Oakland, do you? If the verb is in the past simple we use did. Positive StatementNegative TagYou… 1.1. {see Question Tags, A2 level}. Question Tags - Negative Type the correct word in the boxes below. If there is no auxiliary verb in the main sentence, we use do in the tag. Formation Negative questions can be very confusing in English. ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, 4. Do you smoke? 2. The verb in the main statement, “wasn’t” is in the negative form and the verb in the question tag, “was” is in the positive form. auxiliary verb + subject 1. 3. If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative. We use negative questions: نستخدم الأسئلة المنفية. It’s important to know which auxiliary verb to use and whether the tag should be positive or negative. Lesson by Tristan, English teacher at EC Malta English school. Lesson by Tristan, English teacher at EC Malta English school You want to go on holiday, ? Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject. ” = The negative imperative clause is followed by the positive question tag could you? It may also be used to evoke a reply from the person you are speaking to. The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag. You’re Spanish, aren’t you? We can also use question tags to imply an offer. Form Use the same auxiliary verb as in the main sentence. Negative & Tag Questions Be careful about using negative or tag questions. Negative sentence: He is n't from Germany, is he? It is not just a real question. A question tag is a small question at the end of a statement. If we are a bit less sure, we say the question tag with a rising intonation. ).So we use positive question tags. For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. Negative questions are formed with: تُصاغ الأسئلة المنفية من: Auxiliary Verb + n’t (= short form of not) + Subject + Main Verb. Question tags always appear at the end of the sentence and refer to the verb used in the clause before as well as the subject (which is a noun or a personal pronoun in most cases) of the corresponding statement. ( Log Out /  Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. Be careful about using negative or tag questions. She went to the library yesterday, ? This short tag takes the form of a question. A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation or agreement. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. 2.1. Question tags are formed with an auxiliary or modal verb. If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is affirmative, the tag is negative. Except, of course, for the verb be in Present Simple and Past Simple. Basically, the following rule applies: In positive sentences a negative question tag is needed and in negative ones a positive. Possible answers are Yes or No. We use the same auxiliary verb in the tag as in the main sentence. Then test your grammar skills in the interactive exercises. Mary has a little lamb, ? When the statement contains a word with a negative meaning, the question tag needs to be positive. Negative & Tag Questions. You can agree or refuse to a sentence with a question tag. No idea______, Negative Question:  Don’t you smoke? Note that we use a negative tag after an affirmative sentence. If the statement is negative, we use a positive question tag. We make question tags in the simple present tense with do and does. Add the question tags. Remember that the question tag uses the auxiliary verb in the opposite form of the sentence itself. Question tags are short questions used at the end of the statements to confirm if the statement is true or not. Question tags, Positive and negative sentences in English - Exercise I live just across the road.' Do we have too much homework? (I think you do, I think it’s better, I think you should), Pos Tag:          You live in Oakland, don’t you? Is this good music? When we reply to a statement we can put an affirmative or negative tag at the end of our comment. If there is no helping verb, we use do in the question tag. Tag questions are made using an auxiliary verb (for example: be or have) and a subject pronoun (for example: I, you, she). Questions tags are used to keep a conversation going. If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa. I hear that the negative question-tag can be made out of the following construction: helping verb + subject + not? Intonation is very important when using question tags so your listener knows if you are asking a real question or simply checking/confirming information. The short questions we put at the end of sentences are called question tags. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. An affirmative comment has a negative tag and a negative comment has a positive tag. In other words, if the sentence is positive, the question tag takes the negative form of the auxiliary verb. Question tags are used in conversation to get a (positive) reaction from the person you are talking to. English question tags exist in both positive and negative forms. Hasn’t the postman come yet? There are many different topics and levels. Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. In fact, the answer to a negative question will often be very similar to the answer to a positive question. 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