2.8 Code-Switching and Code-Mixing or Borrowing- - 22. First a diagnostic set of characteristics for code-switching, borrowing and nonce borrowing will be presented, based in part on discussions in the recent literature on other-language lexical elements in speech in contact situations and in part on a thorough review of the Dutch-American data. Two forms of transfer are distinguished: borrowing (the influence of a second language on a previously acquired language) and substratum (the influence of a native language or some other previously learned language on acquisition of another language). Code switching occurs far more often in conversation than in writing.It is also called code-mixing and style-shifting. He believes that code-switching is “the inevitable consequence of bilingualism” that leads speakers to choose a language which the other person can understand”. Code switching and code mixing happen when two or more languages or codes come together. 2.11 Themes of Nollywood Movies- - … It is studied by linguists to examine when people do it, such as under what circumstances do … • Integration into base/borrowing language, however, is relative therefore code-switching & borrowing are conceived as two ends of a continuum (連續體) rather than two concrete categories Borrowing Code-switching (Setter, Wong & Chan, 2010) 5 This fourth type of switching is also known as transfer or code mixing (Auer 1999, 310). LUCIA PRATAMA 1210733003 2. Code-mixing, language variation, and linguistic theor_r regarding what it constitutes and what its implications for linguistic theory are. As for code-switching vs. borrowing, the distinction is that borrowing is a conventionalization process, while code-switching is just a using-in-the-moment process. code switching. Code-Mixing and Code Switching 1. Borrowing and code switching are closely related as borrowings are the remains of code switching. Terms include: bilingualism, code-switching, language mixing, language transfer, and borrowing. The term code switching is widely used as an umbrella term for using different languages in the same sentence, alternating them to some extent.. 2.10 Historical Background of Nollywood Movies- -31. We use the term broadly in this paper to encompass the many kinds of language alternations that have often been subsumed under or discussed in tandem with code switching, among them borrowing, code mixing, interference, diglossia, … Hudson (1980) distinguished between code switching, code mixing, and borrowing in his section on the mixture of varieties. (p. These include code-switching, code-mixing, borrowing, host and guest languages. Borrowing vs Code-switching or Code-mixing (cont.) 2.9 Functions of Code-Switching and Code-Mixing- - 31. Three patterns of code switching are found in Australian Greek talk-in-interaction: code mixing, participant-related code switching, and conversational code switching. For the sake of clarity, definitions of some of the basic terms used in the literature on CS are in order here. A code is “a system used for communication between two or more parties used on any … 2.9 Possible Purposes Triggering Code-Switching and Code-Mixing- -23. Background of the Study Language as the system of communication in speech and writing that used is used by a people of a particular country and language is a major means of identifying a set of people nation or country. 2.8 Domain- - 29. Borrowing is generally limited only to lexical items that may or may not be assimilated, unlike code switching which ranges from a single lexical unit to a complete sentence and remains assimilated or unassimilated. 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