Language policy. Pakistan commits to working toward achieving universal access to reproductive health and raising the contraceptive prevalence rate to 55% by 2020. The language policy also claims to modernize the state through English as official language. Policy paper : France’s international strategic guidelines for combatting land degradation and desertification (2020-2030) Desertification is a gradual degradation of soils in drylands, affecting their biological and economic potential. Opposition to the new policy is coming from the expected quarters: the tiny English-speaking ‘elite’ of the country which is a legacy of British colonial rule, and the upper echelons of the bureaucracy. 7. The 15-year grace period for English ended 27 years ago in 1988 but Pakistan is no nearer the goal of replacing it with Urdu as the official language. The truth is that none of the governments, whether civilian or military, which have been in power during this period, has shown any discard English in favour of Urdu. The focus of this policy dialogue was to engage educationists and language experts in an interactive discussion that would generate ideas and recommendations to feed into a more effective language policy. They all go to enrich the cultural mosaic of the country. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Five languages have more than 10 million speakers each in Pakistan – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Urdu.Almost all of Pakistan's languages belong to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family.. Pakistan's national language is Urdu, which, along with English, is also the official language. The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within 15 years from commencing day. Language policy in Pakistan is meant to strengthen the state by promoting Urdu as a national language. Evaluation of census results. Language Policy contributes to the growth of the field by publishing high-quality studies that help build a sound theoretical understanding of the subject area. These are groups which owe their power and privileges largely to their knowledge of English. This would require a constitutional amendment and this step should be taken in parallel with moves to make Urdu the official language. Nevertheless, some of the initial steps announced by the government are highly welcome even when they might appear to be largely of symbolic importance. November 17, 2020. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. Date: Friday, March 22, 2013 Time: 2:00 pm, West Asia Time (Islamabad, GMT+05:00). To assist the NLPB in coining new words or adopting foreign words, the government should also hire the services of people from the academia, the civil society and the practitioners of various specialised professions.In promoting Urdu, the main focus in the Supreme Court hearings and in the government’s executive order has been on its use as official language. English from Punjab University. Processing and dissemination of data in the form of Census Reports. Pakistan Economic Outlook. In its manifesto for the parliamentary elections of 2013, the PML-N had promised the setting up of a National Language Commission to develop criteria for giving the status of national language to all major languages of the country. Facebook Count. December 2019; Review of Economics and Development Studies 5(4):809-816; DOI: 10.26710/reads.v5i4.897 At the federal level, this task should be given to the National Language Promotion Board (NLPB), which has replaced the National Language Authority. 5. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. It remains to be seen whether the government possesses the will to take the necessary policy steps to fulfil its commitment. As of January 2020, Pakistan vows to raise literacy rate from 58% to 70% in four years by providing school access to approximately 22.8 million students, improving the education system for all age groups through the application of modern technological resources. 19 Jul 2010 . These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. In particular, every province should be free to adopt its own language for official purposes in addition to Urdu, and to promote the mother tongue as the language of instruction in the schools. I hope my opinion will count though. The origin of Urdu goes back several centuries, and according to some historians, Urdu has evolved from an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the area around Delhi which absorbed words fro… Without prejudice to the state of the National language, a provincial Assembly may by law prescribe measures for the teaching, promotion and use of... Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. TESOL from the University of Manchester, U.K., and M.A. These recommendations are based on policy dialogues, a case study and the analysis of research findings. The 15-year grace period for English ended 27 years ago in 1988 but Pakistan is no nearer the goal of replacing it with Urdu as the official language. 2. Urdu is the national language and English the official one (Census. Planning and execution of decennial Population & Housing Census. Google Scholar . Scepticism about the government’s resolve has been heightened by the fact that it has still not officially published its new policy on Urdu, and neither the prime minister nor a government minister has cared to speak on the issue in public. It provides the following guidelines on language policy: 1. It, indeed, plays an important role in creating and maintaining collective identity, as it unites the people of all the four provinces because of its neutrality. The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its implications for local languages. Pakistan is a multilingual country. Part of Springer Nature. In fact, it opposed a private bill introduced by a member of its own party in July last year for an amendment in the constitution to declare the major regional languages as national languages in addition to Urdu.The PMLN-led government should not delay any further the fulfilment of its pre-election pledge to give the status of national language to the major languages of the country. Education Policy Pakistan According to the policy of education which being implemented in the state includes the free primary education to the children of the state, as per the clause under this policy the government is liable and the government is bound to offer the free education to the children of the state both on federal and provincial level of the country. Let see. The problems are as well discussed which were caused by language Your Name * Recipient Email * 0. Email. However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. The resources and the capacity of the NLPB would also need to be enhanced to make it better equipped to carry out its added responsibilities, especially to translate words and expressions from foreign languages into Urdu and to coin new Urdu terms in the realms of government and administration, law, science and technology, and business and commerce. He has been involved with the educational system of Pakistan as a teacher, teacher educator, and researcher. Supply of census data to the data users. It is hoped that the Supreme Court orders in the ongoing case on Article 251 will address this aspect of the matter as well.The writer is a former member of the Pakistan Foreign Service.Email: [email protected]. I am originally Pakistani but I live in UK. Education Policy 1972: Zulifqar Bhutto announced a National Education Policy on 29 March 1972. the dominant language and aspects of its culture are passed on to people of other languages. Currently the sixth most populous country in the … There is an element of cultural imperialism about privileging Urdu i.e. Benson, C. J. 4. On December 12, 2020, a plenary session was held on the topic "Mutually beneficial economic cooperation, free trade and the role of international organizations in promoting cooperation for sustainable development" at the Turkmen State University named after Makhtumkuli, within the framework of the International Conference "Policy of Neutrality and its role in ensuring international … Not affiliated The research shows that Pakistan is a country where English teaching is unevenly distributed and very much class based. The task of recommending which languages are to be given national status should instead be left to a parliamentary committee which should give a hearing to experts and to civil society representatives.Once the constitution grants the status of national language to the major regional languages of the country, it follows logically that their promotion should also be a federal responsibility, but without restricting the authority of the respective provincial government for their advancement. The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within 15 years from commencing day. Their preservation, development and promotion should therefore be made a priority at the federal level as well. Pakistan Area and Population Density. Its national language, Urdu, is the mother tongue of only 7.57 per cent of the population though it is very widely used in the urban areas of the country. But the government’s constitutional responsibility is not confined to that. A Proposed Language Policy for Education in Pakistan. tap to bring up your browser menu and select 'Add to homescreen' to pin the The News web app, On July 10, the government informed the Supreme Court that it had issued an executive order for the replacement of English with Urdu as the country’s official language in stages. Pakistan is heir to one of the most ancient civilzations in the world along with Iraq and Egypt, and it is only to be expected that its languages, too, have ancient roots.These primary languages have not been used in the domains of power because the rulers of these regions were generally foreigners. Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. 51–80). The economy likely recovered in Q1 of this fiscal year—which began in July 2020—after GDP growth slowed significantly in FY 2020 (July 2019–June 2020) due to lockdown measures imposed at the tail end of the year. 3. World Times April 2020 Urdu Editon in PDF; World Times April 2020 English Edition in PDF; World Times May 2020 Urdu Edition; Guss Paper PMS -2020 of URDU & ISLAMIAT; 4th JWT Essay Competition ; Home / Archives / 2016 / January 2016 / Pakistan’s Foreign Policy in the 21st Century. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a culturally and linguistically diverse large South Asian country bordered by Afghanistan and Iran to the north and west, China to the northeast, India to the east and the Arabian Sea to the south. In fact, it must go hand in hand with the promotion of Urdu. As a result, English has become further entrenched as official language, while the use of Urdu in government offices has been declining despite the fact that its nation-wide use as the language of communication between people speaking different mother tongues has been growing constantly and the language has gained acceptance even in the far-flung parts of the country as its lingua franca.The Nawaz government’s announcement to make Urdu the official language was not made of its own accord but in response to strictures passed by a Supreme Court bench during the hearing of a case brought by a civic-minded citizen on the government’s failure to implement Article 251. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. To give just one example, no bank in the country issues a cheque book in Urdu. 167.71.106.86. Language policy, multilingualism and language vitality in Pakistan. The Muslim-majority country was established in its current form after the partition of former British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, and the subsequent secession of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan, in 1971. The real test is whether they will be followed up with the more difficult ones like translating laws, policies and documents into Urdu and training government personnel in the use of Urdu terminology and whether the government has the will to overcome determined resistance from the vested interests which favour the continuation of English as the official language. However, a vast section of the population speaks it as their second language. They have also become the backbone of the present unjust class structure. Pakistan is a multiling country and its official language is Urdu. We should of course be ready to borrow words from Arabic and Persian and exceptionally even from English. Tabulation of data to meet specific demand … policy of Pakistan favours the language shift, which is the s hift from using one language to another and normally from less powerful to the powerful (Rahman, 1996). Pakistan's national language is Urdu while it's official language is English. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy in the 21st Century. The new policy is being opposed by a large number of teacher but the government is keen for its implementation that’s why nothing can be said about it yet. Pakistan will take forward its 2011 commitment with the Provinces for all public and private health facilities to offer birth spacing services. This journal covers both language policy and educational policy. Pakistan is a multi-lingual country and the languages spoken in its different parts are a national treasure. Thanks for the A2A User-9823858444731663826 ! ), Fighting words: Language policy and ethnic relations in Asia (pp. In July–September, industrial production rebounded, mainly due to healthier manufacturing activity. It is a shame that we have no Urdu words for even such high constitutional institutions and offices as Senate, Assembly (as in National Assembly), Governor, Supreme Court and the Election Commission and still use the English words transcribed phonetically into Urdu. Regrettably, our governments have also failed completely in implementing this provision of the article and no serious effort has been made to promote the use of Urdu as a language of education and learning, of science and technology and of business and commerce. Two years into its tenure, the government has done nothing so far to fulfil this promise. Last collected in the year 2011, the population, at that point, stood at a reported 176,745,364. A lot of hard work and leadership from the top will be needed. It is to be, hoped that the spectacle of government ministers and senior officials speaking in English within the country even when their command of the language is very shaky will become a thing of the past. Pakistan is a multilingual state with six major languages—Punjabi (spoken by 44.15% out of a population of 153 million in 2003); Pashto (15.42); Sindhi (14.10); Siraiki (10.53); Urdu (7.57); Balochi (3.57)—and about 57 minor ones. http://www.geocites.com/Athens/Parthenon/8107/univ.html, http://www.library.uu.nl/wesp/populstat/Asia/pakstag.htm, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences, Language Policy and Education in the European Union, Language Policy and Education in the United States, Indigenous Language Policy and Education in Mexico, Language Policy and Education in the Andes, Language Policy and Education in Australia, Language Policy and Education in Southern Africa, Language Policy and Education in the Indian Subcontinent, Language Policy and Education in Pakistan, Language Education Policy in Greater China, New Literacies, New Times: Developments in Literacy Studies, Language, Literacy and Knowledge Production in Africa, BICS and CALP: Empirical and Theoretical Status of the Distinction. In keeping with its enhanced responsibilities, the NLPB should be renamed the National Languages Promotion Board and its governing body should be expanded to include representatives of provincial governments. This number came from a report that was published by the World Bank in 2012. The key principles of Pakistan’s policy towards Afghanistan include strengthening people-to-people contacts,deepening trade and transit ties, undertaking joint connectivity and energy projects for enhanced economic integration, working together for bringing peace in Afghanistan, non-interference in the internal affairs and not allowing respective territories to be used against each other. Subject to clause (1) the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements for its replacement by Urdu. The main functions of Population Census Wing are as under: 1. Intercensal sample studies/surveys in related areas. Not logged in Pakistan face an extremely difficult moment in their bilateral relationship, our hope is that the recom-mendations provided here will help policy makers in both countries and in the broader international community to formulate the best and most effective decisions to set Pakistan on a progressive path by 2020. It presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions. The setting up of a commission for this purpose, as proposed in the PML-N manifesto, would not be advisable as the matter is essentially political. Pakistan’s foreign policy or you can say that these are certain goals which Pakistan wants to achieve. (2000). In M. E. Brown & Š. Ganguly (Eds. Urdu is not only the official language of Pakistan but also the national language of the country. Back in 2001, the estimated population was around 142.5 million; the country, at that point, became the seventh most populated country in the entire world. Pakistan’s official language is still English as it was when the British ruled the country as part of British India. The Aga Khan University Institute for Educational Development presents a global research seminar: Topic: Social Meanings of language policy and practices: A critical linguistic ethnographic study of four schools in Pakistan Presenter: Muhammad Ali Khan. Twitter Share . Despite this, regional languages are equally important. Shahid Siddiqui obtained his Ph.D. in Language Education from the University of Toronto, Canada, M.Ed. Literate people of other cultures, especially those serving in the armed forces, speak Urdu … The Supreme Court itself has underlined the importance of regional languages in its hearing of the case and pointed to clause (1) of Article 251 which says that “without prejudice to the status of the national language, a Provincial Assembly may by law prescribe measures for the teaching, promotion and use of a provincial language in addition to the national language.” But the promotion of regional languages should not be left to the provinces alone. Analysis of census data and demographic research. This is a preview of subscription content, © Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2008. http://moe.gov.pk/enrollmentinPsUniversities.htm. In this project, we have focused Langue planning and language policy (LPLP) generally, in particular, in Pakistani context and discussed the dilemma of language policy in Pakistan. Everyone expects that it will be largely ignored. 6. It would also help if the composition and mandate of the NLPB are specified in the constitution to rescue it from its present position in the backwater of the federal bureaucracy. This report contains recommendations regarding the development of policy for language in education in Pakistan. Punjab New Education Policy 2020 Announced for All School Teachers . Article 251 states that arrangements must be made also for its use for “other purposes” within 15 years from 1973. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. The decision had been taken, the court was told, in fulfilment of the government’s obligation under Article 251 of the constitution, which makes it mandatory that arrangements should be made for the use of Urdu for official and other purposes within fifteen years from 1973. 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