But the law is not of faith, but of doing, or works (that is, does not make faith, but works, the conditional ground of justifying). But--as the law cannot give life or righteousness [ALFORD]. Galatians full text: Galatians 1 | Galatians 2 | Galatians 3 | Galatians 4 | Galatians 5 | Galatians 6 The apostle in this chapter, I. Reproves the Galatians for their folly, in suffering themselves to be drawn … . Compare John 8:56 , Hebrews 4:2 . All rights reserved. This chapter … Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having … However, Vulgate and the old Italian versions translate as English Version. The Israelites, though chosen to be God's peculiar people, were sinners as well as others. Each of us must walk in the light we have. The covenant God made with Abraham, was not done away by the giving the law to Moses. The Jews accordingly, in contempt, call Him Tolvi, "the hanged one," and Christians, "worshippers of the hanged one"; and make it their great objection that He died the accursed death [TRYPHO, in Justin Martyr, p. 249] ( 1 Peter 2:24 ). The apostle proves the doctrine he had blamed the Galatians for rejecting; namely, that of justification by faith without the works of the law. This was the end of the whole system of sacrifices" [THOLUCK]. Seventy thousand fans watched Reigels dumbfounded as Graham McNamee, the radi… The moral law shows us what we ought to do, and so we learn our inability to do it. The dispensation of the law, which engenders bondage, was beginning to draw on from the time of his entrance into Egypt, the land of bondage. Or, shall ye, by falling from grace, lose the reward promised for all your sufferings, so that they shall be "in vain" ( Galatians 4:11 1 Corinthians 15:2 1 Corinthians 15:17-19 1 Corinthians 15:29-32 2 Thessalonians 1:5-7 2 John 1:8 )? (Galatians 3:2-1) Show answer 11. 18. the inheritance--all the blessings to be inherited by Abraham's literal and spiritual children, according to the promise made to him and to his Seed, Christ, justification and glorification ( Galatians 4:7 , Romans 8:17 , 1 Corinthians 6:9 ). When the promise is mingled with the law, it is made nothing but the law. Then, finding himself hemmed in, he reversed his field. they which are of faith--as the source and starting-point of their spiritual life. But it is not restricted solely to the Jews, as ALFORD thinks; for these are the representative people of the world at large, and their "law" is the embodiment of what God requires of the whole world. Those only are just or righteous who are freed from death and wrath, and restored into a state of life in the favour of God; and it is only through faith that persons become righteous. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 3:23-29 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, established churches in Galatia composed primarily of Gentiles who received the Gospel … Paul referred toDeuteronomy 27:… The law was a preparatory dispensation for the Jewish nation ( Romans 5:20 ; Greek, "the law came in additionally and incidentally"), intervening between the promise and its fulfilment in Christ. This he does from the example of … JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH VINDICATED: THE LAW SHOWN TO BE SUBSEQUENT TO THE PROMISE: BELIEVERS ARE THE SPIRITUAL SEED OF ABRAHAM, WHO WAS JUSTIFIED BY FAITH. but a man's covenant--whose purpose it is far less important to maintain. God forbid." doeth he it by the works of the law--that is, as a consequence resulting from (so the Greek) the works of the law (compare Galatians 3:2 ). Christ--not in the exclusive sense, the man Christ Jesus, but "Christ" (Jesus is not added, which would limit the meaning), including His people who are part of Himself, the Second Adam, and Head of redeemed humanity. PERFECT obedience is required by the words, "in all things." Galatians 2: Galatians: Galatians 4. But one new "seed" of a righteous succession could be found. that ministereth--or "supplieth," God ( 2 Corinthians 9:10 ). 20. Compare John 1:17 , where the two mediators--Moses, the severing mediator of legal conditions, and Jesus, the uniting mediator of grace--are contrasted. 16. Males alone had in their body circumcision, the sign of the covenant (contrast baptism applied to male and female alike); they alone were capable of being kings and priests, whereas all of either sex are now "kings and priests unto God" ( Revelation 1:6 ); they had prior right to inheritances. They who depend on the works of the law cannot share the blessing, for they are under the curse "written," Deuteronomy 27:26 , Septuagint. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 6. Most men continue shut up as in a dark dungeon, in love with their sins, being blinded and lulled asleep by Satan, through wordly pleasures, interests, and pursuits. preached before the gospel--"announced beforehand the Gospel." Not merely accursed (in the concrete), but a curse in the abstract, bearing the universal curse of the whole human race. Thus delivered up to the judicial law, we see how awful is the doom we deserve: thus the law at last leads us to Christ, with whom we find righteousness and peace. ordained--Greek, "constituted" or "disposed." But they cannot make people good. I hear with my own ears that I cannot be saved except by the blood and death of Christ. cannot--Greek, "doth not disannul." Let us then study the object, nature, and effects of Abraham's faith; for who can in any other way escape the curse of the holy law? They show people how tolive in the right way. all--Greek neuter, "the universe of things": the whole world, man, and all that appertains to him. It is from the end, not from the beginning of the dispensation of promise, that the interval of four hundred thirty years between it and the law is to be counted. And thus it was, as the word properly signifies, a servant, to lead to Christ, as children are led to school by servants who have the care of them, that they might be more fully taught by Him the true way of justification and salvation, which is only by faith in Christ. The covenant of promise was not "spoken" (so Greek for "made") to Abraham alone, but "to Abraham and his seed"; to the latter especially; and this means Christ (and that which is inseparable from Him, the literal Israel, and the spiritual, His body, the Church). The curse had to be removed from off the heathen, too, as well as the Jews, in order that the blessing, through Abraham, might flow to them. It is, in truth, the only way wherein any sinners ever were, or can be justified. Real Christians enjoy great privileges under the gospel; and are no longer accounted servants, but sons; not now kept at such a distance, and under such restraints as the Jews were. GATAKER defines a Christian, "One who has put on Christ." Difference of sex makes no difference in Christian privileges. So 2 Corinthians 5:21 , "Sin for us," not sinful, but bearing the whole sin of our race, regarded as one vast aggregate of sin. (Galatians 3:28-29) Show answer 10. The putting on of Christ according to the gospel, consists not in outward imitation, but in a new birth, an entire change. O foolish Galatians! being made--Greek, "having become." —See the Note on Galatians 3:1. Salem Media Group. Through faith in the promise of God he was blessed; and it is only in the same way that others obtain this privilege. But the awakened sinner discovers his dreadful condition. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. But he specifies the Gentiles in particular here, as it was their case that was in question, the Galatians being Gentiles. God would bring man into immediate communion with Him, and not have man separated from Him by a mediator that keeps back from access, as Moses and the legal priesthood did ( Exodus 19:12 Exodus 19:13 Exodus 19:17 Exodus 19:21-24 , Hebrews 12:19-24 ). A mediator, as the very term signifies, is a friend that comes between two parties, and is not to act merely with and for one of them. The Gentile Galatians, by putting themselves under the law, were involving themselves in the curse from which Christ has redeemed the Jews primarily, and through them the Gentiles. Then the law, by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, becomes his loved rule of duty, and his standard for daily self-examination. (Gal 3:13-14) Jesus redeems us from the curse of the law. Compare Note, neither male nor female--rather, as Greek, "there is not male and female." God makes a covenant, but it is one of promise; whereas the law is a covenant of works. The Scripture is said to foresee, because the Holy Spirit that indited the Scripture did foresee. 23. faith--namely, that just mentioned ( Galatians 3:22 ), of which Christ is the object. of
Christ is to you the toga virilis (the Roman garment of the full-grown man, assumed when ceasing to be a child) [BENGEL]. After beginning by means of the Spirit, are you now trying to finish by means of the flesh? The law did not teach a living, saving knowledge; but, by its rites and ceremonies, especially by its sacrifices, it pointed to Christ, that they might be justified by faith. Much less would the righteous God do so. In Galatians 3, Paul continues to make the case that faith in Christ is all that is required to be justified—"made righteous"—in God's eyes. The "only" implies, "I desire, omitting other arguments, to rest the question on this alone"; I who was your teacher, desire now to "learn" this one thing from you. added--to the original covenant of promise. 11. The sight of Christ crucified ought to have been enough to counteract all fascination. So legal Judaism could make no alteration in the fundamental relation between God and man, already established by the promises to Abraham; it could not add as a new condition the observance of the law, in which case the fulfilment of the promise would be attached to a condition impossible for man to perform. These miracles do not prove grace to be in the heart ( mark 9:38 mark 9:39 ). This proves that baptism, where it answers to its ideal, is not a mere empty sign, but a means of spiritual transference from the state of legal condemnation to that of living union with Christ, and of sonship through Him in relation to God ( Romans 13:14 ). He says in Gal 3:1, “You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched … Christ's bearing the particular curse of hanging on the tree, is a sample of the "general" curse which He representatively bore. No doubt the Galatians thought that they were going more deeply into the Spirit; for the flesh may be easily mistaken for the Spirit, even by those who have made progress, unless they continue to maintain a pure faith [BENGEL]. The Galatians reproved for departing from the great doctrine of justification alone, through faith in Christ. The promise was given by God himself; the law was given by the ministry of angels, and the hand of a mediator, even Moses. In the resurrection the relation of the sexes shall cease ( Luke 20:35 ). worketh miracles among you--rather, "IN you," as Galatians 2:8 , Matthew 14:2 , Ephesians 2:2 , Philippians 2:13 ; at your conversion and since [ALFORD]. no man disannulleth--"none setteth aside," not even the author himself, much less any second party. Not as BENGEL and ALFORD, "He who is just by faith shall live." The third chapter of Galatians the apostle Paul begins with a rebuke to these people. In the ceremonial law we seek, by animal sacrifices, to answer for our not having done it, but find dead victims no satisfaction for the sins of living men, and that outward purifying will not cleanse the soul; and that therefore we need an infinitely better Sacrifice, the antitype of all the legal sacrifices. The great design of the law was, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ, might be given to those that believe; that, being convinced of their guilt, and the insufficiency of the law to effect a righteousness for them, they might be persuaded to believe on Christ, and so obtain the benefit of the promise. It was at this point that Riegels lost his bearings and began to run down field in the wrong direction. 29. and heirs--The oldest manuscripts omit "and." This matters deeply to him. None does so who acts in common equity. And those must be very unwise, who suffer themselves to be turned away from the ministry and doctrine which have been blessed to their spiritual advantage. Was it not by their hearing and embracing the doctrine of faith in Christ alone for justification? He, as being One, unites all believers, without distinction, to Himself ( Galatians 3:8 Galatians 3:16 Galatians 3:28 , Ephesians 1:10 , 2:14 ; compare Hebrews 2:11 ) in direct communion. promises--plural, because the same promise was often repeated ( Genesis 12:3 Genesis 12:7 , Genesis 15:5 Genesis 15:18 , 17:7 , 22:18 ), and because it involved many things; earthly blessings to the literal children of Abraham in Canaan, and spiritual and heavenly blessings to his spiritual children; but both promised to Christ, "the Seed" and representative Head of the literal and spiritual Israel alike. For the "promise" was substantially the Gospel by anticipation. life--The law, as an externally prescribed rule, can never internally impart spiritual life to men naturally dead in sin, and change the disposition. All fascination not in working, but to the person 's own destruction of … Verse in... 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